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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in Microsoft Word document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines

Papers are invited from anywhere in the world, and so authors are asked to ensure that sufficient context is provided for all readers to appreciate their contribution.

Types of papers
The types of papers that may be considered for inclusion are:

  1. Original research;
  2. Short communications and;
  3. Review papers, which include meta-analysis and systematic review
  4. Interview papers

How to submit your manuscript
All manuscripts should be submitted online at

To make a submission, you must have a user account and be enrolled as an Author. User accounts can be created by the Journal Manager, or you can register yourself (this journal policy allows you to create a user account by yourself as a Reader, an Author and/or a Reviewer). All fields with an asterisk beside them (Username, Password, Repeat Password, First Name, Last Name, Email) are mandatory. Your username and email address must be unique; furthermore, while you can change your email address later, you will be unable to change your username. If you want to register in another role within the same journal (for example, if you are already a Reader but also want to become an Author), you can log in and go to Edit My Profile (under My Account on your User Home page); and check off the checkboxes next to any available roles, near the bottom of the page. Once you have an account, log in to the journal site and select the role of Author.

The Author is asked to upload a submission file and to provide metadata or indexing information. (The metadata improves the search capacity for research online and for the journal.) The Author can upload Supplementary Files in the form of data sets, research instruments, or source texts that will enrich the item and contribute to more open and robust forms of research and scholarship. The Author is able to track the submission through the review and editorial process by logging in to the journal's website.

You can use this list to carry out a final check of your submission before you send it to the journal for review.

  1. Does your manuscript adhere to the minimum standards? (written in English; the length of the submitted paper is at least ten pages and no more than 20 pages; use a tool such as EndNote, Mendeley, or Zotero  for reference management and formatting, and choose IEEE style)
  2. Is your manuscript written in eCo-Buss format?  At this stage, you must follow every detail of the eCo-Buss format, so please try to follow it as closely as possible.
  3. is your title adequate, and is your abstract correctly written? The paper's title is a maximum of ten words, without acronyms or abbreviations. The Abstract (MAX 200 WORDS) should be informative and completely self-explanatory (no citation in the abstract), provide a clear statement of the problem, the proposed approach or solution, and point out major findings and conclusions.
  4. Authors are suggested to present their articles in the sections structure: Introduction - The Proposed Method/Algorithm/Procedure specifically designed (optional) - Research Method - Results and Discussion – Conclusion. Authors may present complex proofs of theorems or non-obvious proofs of the correctness of algorithms after the introduction section (obvious theorems & straightforward proofs of existing theorems are NOT needed).
  5. Introduction section: explain the context of the study and state the precise objective. An Introduction should contain the following three parts:
    • Background: Authors have to make clear what the context is. Ideally, authors should give an idea of the state of the art of the field the report is about.
    • The Problem: If there were no problem, there would be no reason for writing a manuscript and no reason for reading it. So, please tell readers why they should proceed with reading. Experience shows that for this part, a few lines are often sufficient.
    • The Proposed Solution: Now and only now! Authors may outline the manuscript's contribution. Here, authors must ensure readers point out their work's novel aspects.
    • Authors should place the paper in proper context by citing relevant papers. At least 15 references (recent journal articles) are used in this section.
  6. Method section: the presentation of the experimental methods should be clear and complete in every detail, facilitating reproducibility by other scientists.
  7. Results and discussion section: The presentation of results should be simple in style. This section reports the most important findings, including results of statistical analyses as appropriate and comparisons to other research results. Results given in figures should not be repeated in tables. This is where the author(s) should explain in words what he/she/they discovered in the research. It should be laid out and in a logical sequence. Suitable references should support this section.
  8. Conclusion section: Summarize sentences the primary outcomes of the study in a paragraph. Do the results support the claims in this section? Do they seem reasonable? Have the authors indicated how the results relate to expectations and earlier research? Does the article support or contradict previous theories? Does the conclusion explain how the research has moved scientific knowledge forward?
  9. Language. If an article is poorly written due to grammatical errors, it may make it more challenging to understand the science.
  10. Please be sure that the manuscript is up to date. It is expected that 20 to 30%  of references are to recent papers.
  11. Is the manuscript written?  Is the article exciting? Does the content flow well from one section to another? Please try to keep your manuscript on the proper level.  It should be easy to understand by well-qualified professionals, but at the same time, please avoid describing well-known facts (use proper references instead). Often, manuscripts receive negative reviews because reviewers cannot understand the manuscript, which is the authors' (not the reviewers') fault.  Notice that if reviewers have difficulties, other readers will face the same problem, and there is no reason to publish the manuscript.
  12. Do you have enough references?  We will usually expect a minimum of 25 to 30 references primarily to journal papers, depending on the length of the paper. Citations of textbooks should be used very rarely and citations to web pages should be avoided. All cited papers should be referenced within the text of the manuscript.
  13. Figures and Tables. Relation of Tables or Figures and Text: Because tables and figures supplement the text, all tables and figures should be referenced in the text. Avoid placing figures and tables before their first mention in the text. Authors also must explain what the reader should look for when using the table or figure. Focus only on the important point the reader should draw from them, and leave the details for the reader to examine on her own.
    • Figures:
      • All figures appearing in article must be numbered in the order that they appear in the text.
      • Each figure must have a caption fully explaining the content
      • Figure captions are presented as a paragraph starting with the figure number i.e. Figure 1, Figure 2, etc.
      • Figure captions appear below the figure
      • Each figure must be fully cited if taken from another article
      • All figures must be referred to in the body of the article
    • Tables:
      • Material that is tabular in nature must appear in a numbered captioned table.
      • All tables appearing in article must be numbered in the order that they appear in the text.
      • Each table must have a caption fully explaining the content with the table number i.e. Table 1, Table 2, etc.
      • Each column must have a clear and concise heading
      • Tables are to be presented with single horizontal line under: the table caption, the column headings and at the end of the table.
      • All tables must be referred to in the body of the article
      • Each table must be fully cited if taken from another article
  14. Each citation should be written in the order of appearance in the text in square brackets. For example, the first citation [1], the second citation [2], and the third and fourth citations [3], [4]. When citing multiple sources at once, the preferred method is to list each number separately, in its own brackets, using a comma or dash between numbers, as such: [1], [3], [5] or [4]-[8]. It is not necessary to mention an author's name, pages used, or date of publication in the in-text citation. Instead, refer to the source with a number in a square bracket, e.g. [9], that will then correspond to the full citation in your reference list. Examples of in-text citations:
    • This theory was first put forward in 1970 [9]."
    • Sutikno [10] has argued that...
    • Several recent studies [7], [9], [11]-[15] have suggested that....
    • ...end of the line for my research [16].
  15. Please be aware that for the final submission of regular paper you will be asked to tailor your paper so the last page is not half empty.

One author should be designated as corresponding author and provide the following information:

  • E-mail address
  • Full postal address
  • Telephone and fax numbers

Please note that any papers which fail to meet our requirements will be returned to the author for amendment. Only papers which are submitted in the correct style will be considered by the Editors.

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